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什麽是外匯交易?

目錄

什麽是外匯交易?

什麽是外匯交易?

Vantage Updated Updated Tue, 2023 February 7 06:59

外匯交易始于70年代,但隨著技術的進步,以及近年來在線交易平台如雨後春筍般出現,其受歡迎程度正呈指數級增長。谷歌趨勢(Google Trends)數據顯示,外匯話題的搜索興趣每年在全球範圍均持續高漲,足見這個話題的火熱程度 。

什麽是外匯?

讓我們從最簡單的問題開始:什麽是外匯?

外匯(Forex,縮寫為 FX)是國際匯兌(foreign exchange)的簡稱,代表著全球各國貨幣市場。外匯市場由不同參與者組成,包括中央銀行、金融機構、對沖基金、個人投資者或交易者。

而外匯交易是指市場參與者買賣不同貨幣,其中絕大部分的貨幣轉換都是以獲取盈利為目的。通過匯率的波動,市場參與者將會預測任何一種貨幣兌換另一種貨幣之間的價格漲跌,以利用貨幣價格的變動賺錢。

盡管全球擁有超過160種貨幣 ,但外匯市場的交易量主力集中在4種主要貨幣上。它們是:

隨著對外匯交易的興趣持續增長,本文將作為外匯市場新手入門指南,帶大家了解外匯交易的基本信息。

  • 美元(USD)
  • 英鎊(GBP)
  • 日元(JPY)
  • 歐元(EUR)

為什麽交易外匯

作為全球交易量最大、流動性最強、價值最高的金融市場,外匯市場為交易者提供了無數的交易獲利機會。

多年來,外匯市場的總市值持續增長,從未有過停止的迹象。截至2022年,外匯市場每日交易額達6.6萬億美元。極強的流動性使交易者買賣外匯的操作更快速容易,且貨幣對的點差較小。

交易時間是進行外匯交易的另一項優勢。外匯市場每周5個工作日,每天24小時不停止交易,這讓交易者能夠按自身情況選擇合適的交易時段。允許雙向操作的優勢也增加了在各種市場條件下的交易機會。交易者不僅可以利用貨幣上升的趨勢獲利,還可以在一種貨幣兌另一種貨幣的價值下跌時賣出獲利 。

最後一個重要原因是,你可以在交易外匯時使用杠杆,以相對較少的資金進行較高金額的交易。如果使用得當,再加上適當的風險管理工具,杠杆將有可能加倍放大收益。但是,務必記得杠杆是一把雙刃劍,在讓利潤成倍增長的同時,也可能導致巨大損失 。

想要在優越的條件下交易外匯? Vantage 提供低至0.0的外匯點差和$0入金費,讓你以最低投資成本獲得更多收益。馬上點擊這裏開設一個模擬賬戶。

什麽時候可以交易外匯?

外匯市場每周5天、每天24小時開放。每天共有4個主要交易時段,分別是悉尼、東京、倫敦和紐約時段。以下列表整理了不同交易時段外匯市場的開盤與收盤時間。

交易時段。交易時間(UTC / GMT +0)
悉尼0800 至 1700
東京1200 至 2100
倫敦2000 至 0500
紐約0100 至 1000
列表1: 外匯市場交易時間 

交易者通常會根據他們交易的貨幣對,在最適合的時段進行交易。例如,如果要交易美元/日元貨幣對,東京或紐約時段是最好的交易時間。

結論

作為個人交易者,與其他大型金融機構的市場參與者在外匯市場上對抗似乎令人望而生畏。別擔心,“機會”在外匯市場上永遠不會少。通過不斷的實踐和自律,交易者在不同的市場條件下都有可能有出色表現。

在 Vantage‘s Academy 上閱讀更多文章,提升你的交易技能!

参考

  1. https://trends.google.com/trends/explore?cat=7&q=what%20is%20forex 
  2. Forex Folk: Who Trades Currencies and Why. (2021, August 18). Investopedia. https://www.investopedia.com/articles/forex/11/who-trades-forex-and-why.asp 
  3. List of all currencies worldwide. (n.d.). Worlddata.info. https://www.worlddata.info/currencies/
  4. Compare Forex Brokers. (2022, November 10). 2022 Forex Trading Statistics + Industry Guide [Fact Checked]. https://www.compareforexbrokers.com/forex-trading/statistics/
  5. Forex Trading Online | FX Markets | Currencies. (n.d.). FOREX.com Europe. https://www.forex.com/en/education/education-themes/trading-concepts/why-trade-forex/
  6. My Trading Skills. (2020, November 24). Why Do People Trade Forex? https://mytradingskills.com/forex-for-beginners/why-do-people-trade-forex
  7.  BabyPips.com. (n.d.). Forex Market Hours – Forex Market Time Converter. https://www.babypips.com/tools/forex-market-hours 
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