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什麽是免隔夜利息交易賬戶?它是如何運作的?

目錄

什麽是免隔夜利息交易賬戶?它是如何運作的?

什麽是免隔夜利息交易賬戶?它是如何運作的?

Vantage Updated Updated Thu, 2024 February 1 08:43

線上交易是開放的,任何有興趣的人都可以進行交易。它不限于任何特定的職業、國家或地理區域。 您只需要開戶、存入資金,即可隨時開始交易。

盡管日內交易沒有任何限制或局限,但一些宗教團體可能會因其信仰而在交易投資時面臨各種限制。而「免掉期交易賬戶」正是最理想的選擇。

什麽是交易中的隔夜利息(Swap in Trading)?

隔夜利息是指隔夜持倉時所支付或收取的利息。按照您所交易貨幣的利率,隔夜利息可以為負數也可以為正數。但是,並非每個人都能支付或獲得此類費用,因此大多數交易平台都提供免隔夜利息交易的選項。

免隔夜利息交易賬戶是完全零費用的,這意味著交易者既不支付也不收取任何費用(Swap)。

什麽是免隔夜利息交易賬戶(Swap-free Trading Account)?

顧名思義,這是一個不産生隔夜利息的交易賬戶。「隔夜利息」是當交易者持倉超過一天(隔夜)時,由券商收取的展期利息或傭金。使用免隔夜利息交易賬戶意味著您可以在不産生任何隔夜費用的情況下進行交易。

免隔夜利息的交易賬戶不會産生利息,因此非常適合穆斯林交易者。這是市場上唯一一種免息交易賬戶類型,因此在穆斯林交易者當中非常受歡迎。

盡管穆斯林交易者是免掉期交易賬戶的主要使用者,但非穆斯林交易者也可以使用,包括因宗教信仰而在外彙交易中面臨限制的其他群體。根據伊斯蘭法,教徒禁止參與涉及收取和/或支付利息(或 riba)的業務或合同。不過,根據先知穆罕默德的教義,兌換貨幣是被允許的。[1]

因此,交易平台創建了特定的無隔夜利息交易賬戶,以滿足不希望接受或者支付利息的交易者的需求,讓交易者在不違反宗教教義的情況下參與市場。盡管關于免隔夜利息交易賬戶是否清真的爭論一直持續到今天,但一切取決于個人行為。

穆斯林交易員認為無隔夜利息交易賬戶足以解決關于利息的宗教限制,因免隔夜利息交易賬戶是為了尊重伊斯蘭金融的原則所創建,它也被稱為「伊斯蘭交易賬戶」。

如何計算隔夜利息?

當一個頭寸保持打開狀態並展期至第二天,券商將會按照貨幣對之間的利率差異,支付或收取差額利息。在交易日結束時,您可以選擇隔夜維持頭寸。其結果是産生利息,券商將向客戶賬戶添加(支付)或扣除(收費)隔夜利息。這是外匯交易和黃金交易市場常見的操作。

利息的産生是基于金融市場閉市時交易兩種貨幣之間的隔夜利率波動。

當頭寸過夜會發生什麽事?

如果您買入的貨幣息率高于賣出貨幣的息率,您就可以賺取利息,由券商直接支付至賬戶;不過,如果您賣出的貨幣息率高于您買入的貨幣息率,那麽券商將從您的賬戶中扣除差額利息(即支付隔夜利息)。

需注意利息可以是正數或負數。利率差是貨幣對之間的利率差異。假設您想買入歐元並賣出美元,我們假定歐元的利率為4.5%,美元的利率為3.7%,則利差為0.7%。

無隔夜利息交易帳戶

延期費用是券商從客戶帳戶添加或從中扣除的金額。

請記住,這可能是每晚幾美元,甚至高達數百、數千美元的費用。

免隔夜利息賬戶如何賺錢?

免隔夜利息賬戶或伊斯蘭賬戶僅通過外匯交易賺取利潤。除了尊重伊斯蘭法禁止利息的基本原則,免隔夜利息賬戶也符合了伊斯蘭法禁止賭博的原則。最後,在您正式投入于交易之前,請務必深入了解保證金交易,乃至貨幣市場交易所涉及的所有風險。

參考資料

  1. “Riba Definition – Investopedia.”. https://www.investopedia.com/terms/r/riba.asp . Accessed 22 Apr. 2022.
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